All tufted carpet starts out in a loop construction. Visualize the carpet tufting machine as a large version of the sewing machine in your home; that is, if your sewing machine had hundreds of needles spanning from twelve to fifteen feet.
A strand of yarn comes off a spool and is tufted (sewed) onto a backing material. The yarn is threaded into a needle and penetrates the backing material on the way down and leaves a loop in the fiber as it returns. This loop can be left as is, or cut at the top to the loop to create two individual strands. All tufted carpets are either loop, cut pile, or some variation of the two. Many new styling directions have emerged as technology has evolved creating some of the most beautiful designs ever imagined.
Cut pile carpeting has cut loops on the surface leaving individual yarn tufts. Velvet, Plush, Saxony, Shag and Frieze (free zay) are all cut pile carpets but differ in yarn twist. Cut pile carpets are still one of todays most popular carpet constructions.
Level loop carpet consists of loops that are the same height and uncut, which creates a smooth level surface. Arranging the loops closer together increases the durability and allows the carpet to be cleaned easier. Level loop carpeting generally lasts a long time in high-traffic areas and many of todays popular Berber styles are created using level loop construction.
Multi Level Loop
Multi level loop usually has two to three different loop heights to create a pattern or sculptured looking effect to the carpet. Carpet with this texture tends to hide soiling and foot traffic. Multi level loop provides good durability with a more casual looking appearance.
Cut and Loop
Combination of cut and looped yarns. This construction provides a variety of surface textures, including LCL (Level Cut Loop) sculptured effects of squares, pin-dot, swirls, etc. It also tends to hide unwanted foot traffic appearance.